The controversy over the historical Jesus in the 19th century has largely been seen as a threat to dogmatic Christology and a conflict with the authority of the churches. But the importance of the studies of the historical Jesus that emerged in the 19th century only becomes visible when they are seen within the larger context of political and ideological changes in this period:
study of the historical Jesus started from the beginning of the 19th
century, at the same time as nationalism emerged as the central paradigm of
ideology and political praxis, partly transforming old state-nations (
lecture explores how these questions shaped the way the historical Jesus was described
in his geographical context of Galilee and
The examples are taken from soem of the most important studies of the historical Jesus in the 19th century, by Friedrich Schleiermacher and David F. Strauss (Germany), Ernest Renan (France) and from teh presentation of Jesus in G.A. Smith's famous Historical Georgraphy of the Holy Land (Great Britian).
The images of Jesus tha tthes ebooks provide, with theri paradigms of nationalism, have influenced 20th and 21st century studies of Jesus and Christian beginnings. But mdoern scholars who present the historical Jesus in the context of land, ethnicity, people, seem to be unaware that the concepts they use are part of a contemporary political vocabulary of nationalism.
Professor Halvor Moxnes
Halvor Moxnes i sa professor of New Testament at the Faculty of Theology, University of Oslo and an ordained pastor in the Church of Norway (Lutheran). His main works hav ebeen within the theology of St. paul, the Gospel of Luke, and lately, in studies of the historical Jesus and especially their political relevance. The lecture is based on his present research project on presentations of the historical Jesus in the 19th century in the context of emerging nationalism in Europe. He has been engaged in international collaboration among professors and students, especially the INATE Network (International Network of Advanced Theological Education), in which also Emmanuel College took part in. He has enjoyed the hospitality of Emmanuel College severaal times and feels Toronto is one of his second homes.
Books by Moxnes in English:
Putting Jesus in his place: The Historical Jesus in the Context of Household and Kingdom. 2003.
The Economy of hte Kingdom. Social Conflict and Economic Relations in Luke's Gospel. 1988
Theology in Conflict: Studies in Paul's understanding of God in Romans. 1980.
Edited or co-edited:
Jesus beyond Nationalism. 2009.
Constructing early Christian families: Family as social reality and metaphor. 1997.